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ASSIGNMENT PREMISE In Man, the State and War, Kenneth N. Waltz essentially argues that an analysis of individual- (psychological), state- and system- (structural) level causes of conflict is crucial to understanding why war occurs within and between states. The readings from Week 1-3 discuss and present critical commentary on these three levels, and qualify each as a cause of intra- and international conflict. In an essay of 10-15 pages, please complete the following two tasks in separate sections. SECTION 1 (Suggested Length: 5-7 pages, double-spaced 12 pt. Times New Roman font) FIRST, provide summary analyses of the readings’ main arguments – identifying the “level” with which each argument is associated – and synthesize, and integrate, them into a larger discussion and defense of how Waltz’s three-levels-of-analysis thesis proves critical to understanding the causes of civil and interstate war. (Your summary analyses should be no less than six, and no more than nine, sentences per reading. To date, we have had three readings per week, thus nine readings in total – with the Week 3 Politics Among Nations readings, Chapters 1-3, 11-14, counting as “one” reading. Your summary analysis of the PAN reading may be as much as 15-20 sentences as it was longer assignment than the others.)

Section 1 Organizational/Formatting Suggestions From an organizational perspective, you might find it helpful to divide Section 1 into subsections corresponding to the level of analysis with which each reading is associated and summarize and synthesize them accordingly. You therefore would have three sections entitled “Individual-Level of Analysis,” “State-Level of Analysis” and “System-Level Analysis.” Following these three subsections, you would have one final subsection in which you would integrate the readings’ arguments, and your summaries and syntheses thereof, into a larger discussion and defense of how Waltz’s three-levels-of-analysis thesis proves critical to understanding the causes of civil and interstate war. SECTION 2 (Suggested Length: 5-8 pages, double-spaced 12 pt. Times New Roman font) SECOND, please choose from one of the case-studies of either civil or interstate war provided below and explain how the readings and Waltz’s levels-of-analysis thesis may or may not account for the causes (or emergence) of this conflict. *You may choose ONLY from this list.* Civil Conflict Cases 1) Guatemalan Civil War (1960-1996) 2) Rhodesian Bush War (1965-1980) 3) Angolan Civil War (1975-2002) 4) Afghan Civil War (1992-1996) 5) Tajikistan Civil War (1992-1997) 6) Pakistani Civil War (1971) 7) Algerian Civil War (1991-2002) 8) Libyan Civil War (2011 – Gaddafi Overthrow) 9) Cambodia Civil War (1970-1975) 10) Georgian Civil War (1991-1993) International Conflict Cases 1) Sino-Indian War (1962) 2) South African Border War (1966-1989) 3) Israel-United Arab Republic (1967) 4) Indo-Pakistani War (1971) 5) Cambodia-Vietnam War (1975-1989) 6) Vietnam War (1955-1975) 7) Soviet-Afghan War (1979-1989) 8) Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) 9) U.K.-Argentina (1982) 10) Russia-Georgian War (2008) Section 2 Organizational/Formatting Suggestions An effective framework through which to conduct your study, and in which to present your explanation, of how the readings and Waltz’s thesis account for the causes of the selected conflict is to consider the potential causes according to Waltz’s individual levels of analysis (i.e., individual, state and system). Specifically, divide Section 2 into two subsections: a) “Levels of Analysis” and b) “Cumulative Commentary.” Divide the first subsection, “Levels of Analysis” into three sub-subsections entitled “Individual-Level Analysis,” “State-Level Analysis” and “System-Level Analysis,” and then comment individually on the actors, factors and forces at these separate levels that may have 3 caused or contributed to the causes of the selected conflict. In the “Cumulative Commentary” subsection, please comment on the collective impact of individual-, state- and system-level factors on the emergence of the selected conflict. In regard to drafting the “Levels of Analysis” subsection, please consider the following analytic approach. For the “Individual-Level Analysis” sub-subsection, please comment on the specific dominant personalities involved in the war-declaration and/or –instigation processes. In particular, examine the input, personality, beliefs and preferences of the major leaders of the parties involved. Such leader types may comprise government officials such as national executives (i.e., presidents, prime ministers or monarchs) and regional executives (i.e., provincial/state governors and princes/princesses), as well as non-state actors like terrorist or insurgent leaders (i.e., opposition or rogue religious and military/militia leaders). For the “State-Level Analysis” sub-subsection, please comment on preferences, interests, actions and behaviors of national governments – particularly executive and legislative branches – in domestic and international politics. For the “System-Level Analysis” sub-section, please comment on particular aspects of and conditions present in the anarchic international (global and/or regional) environment that may have contributed to, or directly caused, the emergence of the selected conflict.)

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