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The Great Barrier Reef in Australia

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Case Study

The Great Barrier Reef is under more stress and vulnerable to death

This papper should talk about bleaching event of the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and focusing the policies that has been implemented and how the policies affected the reef (postively or negatively).

  1. This paper should have table of content and it should include (Executive summary, Introduction, Problem description (A) background of problem (B) Problem within its current environment problem, Policy Option (A) Framework of analysis (B) Evaluation of Policy, Conclusion and Recommendation, and References)
  2. Executive summary: Should be around 300 words and should talk about the purpose of the paper, definition and description of the policy problem, Evaluation of policy alternatives, and Conclusion and Recommendations.
  3. Introduction should be around 200 words and should talk about Context of the policy problem, Definition of the problem, Statement of intent, Methodology and limitations of the study, and Roadmap of the paper.

The following questions may be useful in developing this feature:
• What is the problem?
• How does the problem affect society?
• Who are the stakeholders directly or indirectly involved in the problem?
• What are the components of the problem?
• What adjectives would you use to describe the problem?
• What are the key questions or controversies associated with the problem?

  1. Problem Description should be around 700 words and should discuss the following feature:
  2. Background of the problem, should answer the following:
    • When and how did the problem arise? (E.g. The Great Barrier Reef had 3 major bleaching events in 1998, 2002 and 2016 the major bleaching event.)
    • What were its causes? (E.g. Climate change, greenhouse gas, Queensland Ports)
    • What has been the legal, political, social and economic context of the problem?
    • How did the problem come to public attention? (E.g. Through Media and campaigns)
    • Who has been affected by the problem?
    • What past policies have been implemented to try to address the problem? (Explain)
    • What were the outcomes of these policies? Problem within its current policy environment (Explain)
    B. Problem within its current policy environment, should answer the following:
    • What are the current legal, social, economic, political contexts and impacts of the problem?
    • What is the current extent of the problem?
    • What current policy is being implemented to try to address the problem? (Explain)
    • What are the differing opinions on the problem and the current approach?
    • In what ways is the current policy succeeding/failing? (Explain)
    • What is wrong with the current approach? (Explain)
    Organizing your problem description:
    • What aspects of the problem do you need to include in your problem description section in order to present a comprehensive and convincing picture?
    • How are you going to organize the section to make it as understandable and readable as possible?
  3. Policy Options should be around 700 words and discuss (A) Framework Analysis (B) Evaluation of policy alternative:
    (A) to help you plan and write your framework of analysis, consider the following questions:
    • What principles, values and ideals will guide you in building a framework of analysis for your paper?
    • How do these principles apply to the problem in question?
    • What is the theoretical basis for your stated position?
    • What are the other reasons for choosing your stated position?
    • Is your position widely recognized?
    • Where are you going to place your framework of analysis in the paper?
    (B) To help you plan and write your evaluation of policy alternatives, consider the following questions:
    • What policy options are you going to discuss in your paper?
    • Which is your chosen policy option?
    • What approach are you going to take to argue for your chosen alternative?
    • What are the limitations of your chosen policy option?
    For each policy option
    • What is your overall evaluation of the option?
    • Why is this your preferred alternative?/ Why is this not your preferred alternative?
    • Which criteria from your framework of analysis formed the basis of your decision?
    • What are the positive and negative aspects of this option?
    • How does this option compare to the others outlined?
  4. Conclusion and Recommendation and should be around 300 words and should have the following (A) and (B):
    Concise synthesis of major findings
    The conclusion and recommendations element usually begins with a synthesis of the most important findings from the previous two elements of the study (problem description and policy options). Because a policy study may be long, complex and detailed, drawing conclusions and providing a review and synthesis of main findings is an important step before detailing specific recommendations. However, this feature should consist of more than a summary or repetition of the main findings, i.e., a synthesis which ties together and highlights only the significant outcomes of the analysis and serves the purpose of providing support and justification for the policy recommendations which will follow.
    (A) Set of policy recommendations
    This feature outlines the practical steps that need to be taken to implement the chosen policy option argued for in the previous policy options element of the paper. This feature is central to the whole policy paper, as the ultimate aim of the study is not to gather and analyze data about a policy problem, but to develop a set of recommendations on the basis of the research conducted.
    (A) Recommendations can be:
    • Put in a separate section with a heading which signals their importance;
    • Numbered and indented in the text;
    • Separated using bullet points;
    • Italicized to highlight the key part or main idea.
    (B) Concluding remarks
    Include some brief concluding remarks to close the argument developed throughout the policy paper. This feature also serves to leave the reader with some final thoughts on the subject of the paper. A common approach Divide and present the proposed solution in separate measures adopted by writers in this feature is to bring the discussion of the subject full circle, i.e., return the focus of the discussion to the broader context of the problem, which commonly opens the introduction element of the paper. This may give a final sense of completeness and wholeness to the paper and can effectively close the argument by illustrating to the reader that implementing the proposed solutions to the problem will have a wider impact on society.

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