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SPSS Research Assignment

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Complete the following:

Use the CSEW 2011-12 data set and SPSS software to complete all the following tasks. The numbers in brackets refer to the variable numbers in the data set.

  1. Describe the relationship between religious affiliation (v6) and one variable relating to feelings of safety (v16-18).

Present your findings using both percentages and frequencies and explain why both types of data must be considered in the interpretation of the results. Create a table that includes the data for all groups but compare the results for TWO religious group only.

  1. Examine the relationship between ONEof the ‘worry’ variables (v19-22) and respondents’ employment status (v9).

Using both observed and expected counts, present the results for all groups in table but describe how you would interpret the results for ONE employment status only.

  1. Use appropriate techniques to examine the relationship between employment status (v9) and worry about being a victim of crime (v31).Compare and contrast the level of fear between any TWO
  2. Examine the relationship between sex (v2) and confidence in the police in respondents’ neighbourhood (v34).

Use an appropriate technique to judge the size of the difference.

  1. To what extent is age (v3) related to views on EITHER:
  1. Fairness of the criminal justice system (v33)

OR

 

  1. Effectiveness of the criminal justice system (v32)

Provide as full an account of this relationship as possible.
Information on the Summative Assessment

In order to complete the summative assessment you will need to download the following SPSS file from Blackboard:

SY2008 Summative Assessment Data Set (CSEW 2011-12)

This data set is a simplified version of the 2011-12 Crime Survey for England and Wales data set. It contains 46,031 cases and 37 variables. You do not need to know any background information about the Crime Survey for England and Wales and should not discuss the survey or its methods in the assignment.

For the purposes of the assessment the variables should be considered to belong to the following groups:

Personal contextual variables (v2-12)
Name Label
sex Sex
age Age in years
age_group Age group
ethnicity Ethnic group
religion Religious affiliation
education Educational level
occu_class Occupational group
employment Employment status
student Full-time student at college or university
children Number of children under 16 in household
innercity Live in an inner city area
Experience of crime variables (v13-15)
Name Label
victim_crime Experience of any crime in the previous 12 months
qual_life_crime How much quality of life is affected by CRIME (scale of 1 to 10 with 10=most affected)
qual_life_fear How much quality of life is affected by FEAR OF CRIME (scale of 1 to 10 with 10=most affected)
Feelings of safety variables (v16-18)
Name Label
safe_walk_dark How safe do you feel walking alone after dark?
safe_walk_alone How safe do you feel walking alone in this area during the day?
safe_home_alone How safe do you feel walking alone after dark?
Worry variables (v19-22)
Name Label
worry_rape How worried about being raped
worry_attack How worried about being physically attacked by strangers
worry_insult How worried about being insulted or pestered by anybody
worry_race_attack How worried about being attacked because of skin colour, ethnic origin or religion
Confidence variables (v23-26)
Name Label
confident_punish How confident are you that prisons are effective at punishing offenders who have been convicted of a crime?
confident_rehab How confident are you that prisons are effective at rehabilitating offenders who have been convicted of a crime?
confident_prevent How confident are you that the probation service is effective at preventing criminals from re-offending?
confident_fair How confident are you that the Criminal Justice System as a whole is fair?
Police variables (v27-30)
Name Label
police_there The police in this area can be relied on to be there when you need them
police_respect The police in this area would treat you with respect if you had contact with them
police_fair The police in this area treat everyone fairly regardless of who they are
police_satisf Public satisfaction with the police

 

Victim variables (v31)
Name Label
worry_victim Worry about being a victim of crime (high score = high level of worry). This variable should be treated as continuous.

 

Justice variables (v32-34)
Name Label
justice_effective Effectiveness of Criminal Justice System (high score= high opinion). This variable should be treated as continuous.
justice_fair Fairness of Criminal Justice System (high score=high opinion). This variable should be treated as continuous.
police_confidence Confidence in police in their neighbourhood (high score=high level of confidence). This variable should be treated as continuous.

 

Problem variables (v35-37)
Name Label
problem_noise How much of a problem are noisy neighbours or parties
problem_teen How much of a problem are teenagers hanging around
problem_racist How much of a problem is people being attacked because of their skin colour, ethnic origin or religion

Assignment Do’s and Don’ts

  1. Do: Treat the data set as population data. You don’t need to discuss sampling or overall response rates. You should keep an eye on missing data for individual questions, though.
  2. Do:Use only as many analytic strategies as you are comfortable with. You do not need to use all the techniques covered in the module to achieve a passing mark. However, students correctly using a greater number of techniques will gain credit for doing so.
  1. Do: Be selective in your choice of analytic strategies and methods of presenting your results. You will be assessed on your ability to choose the appropriate statistical techniques andmethods of presentation. Use tables, graphs and charts where this is helpful but use them thoughtfully and selectively.
  2. Do: Be concise where possible. Avoid repetition and duplication when presenting your results.
  1. Don’t:Discuss concerns about how the data might have been collected or highlight issues with respondent bias, dishonesty or other related issues. In this assignment you should concentrate only on the process of analysis.
  2. Don’t: Present your results using tables cut and pasted from SPSS. SPSS tables often contain irrelevant information and are not particularly user-friendly. Create your own tables and include only the relevant information. Use graphs only when necessary and only use those generated by SPSS when you cannot create them in Microsoft Word.
  3. Don’t: Work closely with others on this assessment. The assessment is designed with a sufficient number of options to ensure that it is extremely unlikely that two students conduct exactly the same analyses. Any such ‘coincidences’ that occur will be examined very closely.
  4. Don’t: Cite sources or provide references. You report will be judged entirely in terms of the appropriateness of analysis and the clarity of presentation. You do not need to cite any methods texts or other resources.
  5. Don’t: Make links to the substantive literature. While some of you may have learned lots about experience and fear of crime you should not discuss relevant theories or other research findings in this assignment. Nor should you speculate about possible explanations or causes of your results.

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